Medical Degree Program in China - Cardio-cerebrovascular disease

 1. Introduction

Cardio-cerebrovascular disease is the general term of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, refers to the heart, brain and body tissue ischemic or hemorrhagic disease due to high-fat hyperlipidemia, blood viscosity, atherosclerosis, hypertension, etc.
2. Causes of Cardio-cerebrovascular disease
Main Cause:
The main reason of cardiovascular disease is the abnormal metabolism of smooth muscle cells in the vascular wall, vascular tissue and body of other organizations complete metabolism process within a certain period, but due to the formation of new tissue is not normal, the vessel wall itself is prone to produce "defect" and vascular contraction is not smooth, like a dilapidated old pipeline, blockage or rupture of the possible at any time. Blood vessel is an important channel of blood circulation, at the same time it is also controlled by the nervous system, so the abnormal nervous system can also lead to blood disorder.
Secondary Cause:
Moreover, the long-time eating habits, dietary excessive lipid, excessive alcohol are the secondary causes. While there is no reasonable movement to promote the metabolism of lipid alcohols, resulting in vivo lipid alcohols increasing gradually; and with the increase of age, the human body secrete antioxidant enzymes (such as superoxide dismutase SOD) decrease, resulting in elevated levels of free radicals in the plasma low density lipoprotein cholesterol oxidation deposition in the vascular wall, long capillary blockage, with the passage of time, lipid alcohols substances easily and in vivo free mineral ion binding, thrombosis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
3. Cardiac and Cerebral Vascular Disease Symptoms
Cardiovascular disease, such as coronary heart disease symptoms (including angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction):
Tightness in the chest, palpitation restless, palpitation and shortness of breath; arrhythmia; chest pain, retrosternal or precordial pain; gas tight, syncope, weakness, 
Belching; twinge in chest, fixed do not move, more serious at night; dark purple tongue, pulse sinking as the main symptoms of coronary heart disease angina pectoris and coronary artery blood supply insufficiency; upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting; left back pain, left arm pain.
Cerebral vascular diseases, such as ischemic stroke symptoms (including cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, etc.):
Hemiplegia and hemianesthesia, hemianopia, aphasia, or cruciate paralysis, cruciate sensory disturbance, extraocular muscle palsy, nystagmus, dysphagia, ataxia, vertigo and so on
Limb weakness, numbness, facial, upper and lower extremity sensory disturbance; unilateral limb movement is not flexible; language barriers, speak not agile; memory loss; seeing objects suddenly not clear;
Not flexible in eye rotation; urinary incontinence; balance dysfunction, standing instability; consciousness disorder; headache or nausea and vomiting; dizziness, tinnitus.
4. Concept and Classification of Stroke
Stroke is a disease of traditional Chinese medicine, also referred to people of acute cerebral disease and commonly known as the tube. It is to suddenly collapsed, unconscious, with facial distortion, language disadvantage, hemiplegia or had collapsed and the sudden appearance of hemiplegia is the main symptom of a disease. Including western medicine, there are cerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, cerebral thrombosis, transient ischemic attack etc. Because of this kind of disease abrupt onset and ferocious, condition changes rapidly, like nature of the breeze comes, the vagaries of the analogy of ancient physicians and for stroke. Because of its sudden onset, it is also known as stroke or cerebrovascular accident.
5. Check
Check can be carried out according to the related diseases. The routine test items mainly include blood pressure, electrocardiogram, blood routine, urine routine, blood lipid, blood glucose, blood rheology measurement. Cranial CT and MRI, cerebral angiography, transcranial color Doppler ultrasound, can be found in the location and nature of cerebral vascular disease. Echocardiography, radionuclide myocardial imaging, coronary angiography and coronary vascular endoscopy can help to determine the location and extent of cardiac vascular diseases.

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Anhui Medical University

Wenzhou Medical University

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