Medical Degree Program in China - Encephalopathy

 1. Introduction

Brain science, is neuroscience from narrowly speaking, which is to understand the molecular level, cellular level, cellular changes process in the nervous system, and study on the integration effect of these processes in the central function control system. The general definition is to study the structure and function of the brain science, also including cognitive neuroscience, etc.
2. Overview
(1). Basic neuroscience: focusing on the basic theory
- neurobiology: a science studies structure, function and the mutual relationship of human and animal nervous system, a science that illustrates the basic rules of the nervous system, especially the brain substance, energy and information at the molecular level, cellular level, neural network or circuit level and the system and the overall level.
There are six research branches: molecular neurobiology (chemicals), cellular neurobiology (cellular, subcellular), systems neuroscience, behavioral neurobiology (learning and memory, emotion, sleep and awakening), developmental neurobiology, comparative neurobiology.
Computational neuroscience: a discipline that applies mathematical theory and computer simulation methods to study brain function.
(2). Clinical neuroscience: focus on application of clinical medicine
To study the nervous system related diseases, and its diagnosis, treatment methods, technology and so on.
3. Research Direction
The ultimate goal of cognitive neuroscience is to illustrate the structure and function of the human brain and the material basis of human behavior and mental activities, to elucidate the mechanism in various levels, to enhance the efficiency of human neural activity, improve prevention, diagnosis, treatment and service level on the nervous system diseases. Basic objectives:
(1) Revealing the different forms of connections between neurons, this lays the foundation for elucidating the brain mechanism of action
(2) To identify the differences between neurons in morphology and chemistry, and to understand how neurons generate and transmit signals, and how these signals can alter the activity of the target cells.
(3) To elucidate the specific cellular and molecular biological characteristics of neurons.
(4) To know the various functions of the brain (including advanced functions) the neural circuit basis.
(5) To clarify the etiology, mechanism of nervous system diseases, and to explore the new methods of treatment.
4. Main Research Progress
Neuroscience of the molecular and cellular level is developing rapidly.
A major breakthrough in the brain mechanism of vision
The research of neural network has entered a new climax.
Rise of developmental biology
Progress in the study of neurological and psychiatric disorders
Brain consciousness function
5. Main Research Methods
Method of anatomy
Physiological method
Methods of molecular biology
System biology method
6. Encephalopathy
Encephalopathy is the disease due to genetic, congenital brain development, brain trauma, brain tumor, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral obstruction, infection, chemical drug poisoning, due to damage of central nerve fibers and cause nerve cells in the brain aging degradation caused by chronic degenerative diseases, including dementia, brain atrophy and Parkinson's disease.
7. Cerebral Surgery
Cerebral surgery generally refers to the neurosurgery, can carry out a variety of micro neurosurgery surgeries by use of advanced micro surgical equipment.
8. Cerebral Surgery Treatment Range
Treatment range of cerebral surgery generally includes the following categories.
(1) Intracranial infectious diseases, such as brain abscess, ventricular inflammation, etc.
(2) Intracranial parasitic diseases, such as cerebral cysticercosis, cerebral hydatid disease.
(3) Functional neurosurgery disease, such as: trigeminal neuralgia, epilepsy, etc.
(4) Head injury intracranial hematoma, brain contusion, brain swelling, spinal cord injury, etc.
(5) Spinal cord tumors, such as spinal cord schwannoma, meningocele, syringomyelia, tethered cord syndrome, etc.
(6) Intracranial tumors, such as meningioma, glioma, pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, acoustic neuroma and germ cell tumors, etc.
(7) Cerebral vascular disease, such as intracranial aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, moyamoya disease; interventional embolization of cerebrovascular disease.
(8). A variety of congenital intracranial disease and spinal deformities, such as congenital brain water, split cranial, spinal membrane bulging, tethered cord syndrome, etc.
(9) Treatment of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage: craniotomy, small bone window craniotomy, and tube drainage, minimally invasive drainage etc.

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Anhui Medical University

Wenzhou Medical University

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