Medical Degree Program in China - Forensic Medicine

1. Introduction

Forensic Medicine is an evidence-based medicine to solve legal problems through the application of theories and skills of clinical medicine, bioinformatics, pharmacy and other natural sciences, to provide scientific evidence for investigating the crime and trial of civil or criminal cases. Forensic medicine should be viewed as the bridge discipline of "law" and "medicine". It is believed that along with the continuous improvement of the discipline construction of forensic science, it will play an important role in combating illegal crime, maintaining social judicial justice, and to use legal means to defend the sanctity of “medical humanities spirit”. Forensic medicine, human body (in vivo, corpse) is not the purpose, while the spirit of the law and human rights consciousness are the ultimate purposes, medicine is a means to realize the purpose.

2. Basic Tasks

Provide scientific evidence and basis to solve the law related medical problems. 

(1). to provide scientific evidence for exposing the truth of crime

(2). to provide scientific evidence for correctly handling the civil disputes

(3). to provide scientific evidence for the health administrative organs dealing with medical disputes

(4). to provide a scientific basis for the handling of major accidents

(5). to provide a scientific basis for health and epidemic prevention departments handling infectious disease, occupational poisoning

(6). to provide a scientific basis for related person compensation for loss of life or personal injury of insurance department

(7). to provide constructive suggestions for the legislation.

3. Concerned Fields:

Scientific evidence

In vivo examination

Medical disputes


 Inspection of the scene

 Personal identification

 Paternity test

 Pathological anatomy

4. Forensic Ethics

Forensic medicine studies human life and death and the human rights, the biggest problem is that it pays more attention to ethics compared with clinical medicine; a forensic expert must have excellent accomplishment and humanistic spirit.

5. Application

Forensic medicine is a discipline that studies and solves the medical problems involved in the practice of legislation, investigation and trial by using the theory and method of applied medicine and other natural science. Forensic science has to work with multiple disciplines, including anthropology, archaeology, pathology, fingerprints, dental and genetics, also including forensic DNA analysis. Autopsy will be performed to provide clues to the individual's physical characteristics and the cause of death and the environment.

Application in the field of rule of law

Application of disaster conflict

6. Research Methods

Research methods of forensic science include computer, medicine, biology, chemistry and physics.

7. Clinical Forensic Medicine

Clinical forensic medicine, also known as forensic clinical medicine, is a discipline that studies and solves law related human body injury, disability and other physiological and pathological problems through the application of theory and technology of clinical medicine and forensic science, an important branch of forensic medicine. In criminal and civil litigation, the cases that are involved in vivo human body injury, disability, work ability, malingering (fraud injury), artificial disease (artificial injury) abuse, sexual function or crime are clinical forensic science to the study of the content. In addition, clinical forensic medicine also studies in vivo identification and medical malpractice identification. Clinical forensic medicine is a general medicine that includes the entire branches of clinical medicine, high integration is the biggest characteristic of the subject.

8. Clinical Forensic Medicine Identification

Clinical forensic medicine identification is commonly known as in vivo injury identification. Forensic clinical identification refers to the theory and technology of forensic clinical medicine and it is the identification and evaluation of clinical medical issues related to the law.

1). Damage identification

2). Disability degree identification

3). Medical dispute appraisal

4). Insurance identification

5). Medical parole, temporary not imprison identification

6). Identification of nursing dependence

7). Three stages identification (delay period, vegetative period and nursing period)

8). Others

9. Forensic Psychiatry

Forensic psychiatry is a subject that studies law related mental illness and mental health problems. It studies the mental illness to determine the illegal or criminal behavior whether in a normal mental state or not, whether the defendant should negative (or negative number) confirmation of the legal liability involving two legal acts, which the parties capacity, with or without the designated Guardian necessary to the plaintiff and witnesses, prosecutors and surrendered to the people, when the judicial authorities on suspicion of spirit is not often, also need to make a conclusion about the state of mind to determine the authenticity of the statement. Therefore, no matter in criminal cases or civil cases, as long as involving the state of mind and behavior, there is a need for forensic psychiatric identification.

10. Forensic Psychiatric Identification

Criminal responsibility ability

Competence of criminal trial

The ability to serve

The capacity for civil conduct

Mental damage degree identification

Mental retardation (mental retardation)

11. Forensic Anthropology

Forensic anthropology is a branch of physical anthropology and modern forensic science, it applies physical anthropology and other disciplines related to the theory and method to study and solve legal or judicial practice (law making, investigation, trial, etc.) involved personal feature recognition, identification (such as race, gender, age, height, appearance, etc.), for the detection of cases and the trial provide evidence. This discipline is closely related to medicine (anatomy, histology, and pathology), biology, zoology, archaeology and so on.

12. Forensic Biology

Forensic biology studies and solves inspection and identification of relevant laws relating to the biological samples through the application of a variety of disciplines of theoretical knowledge and technology to. The application of disciplines includes medicine, biology, genetics, immunology, serology, biochemistry and molecular biology. Law is the medical evidence as the research object, in order to provide scientific evidence for the purpose of a discipline of biological samples and identification of human related technology research of life science application solution in the case. Forensic science is a branch of forensic science, the content of which is part of the forensic science; forensic science is one of the main contents of the study. Genomics, DNA database, DNA typing is the core content.

13. Forensic Toxicology

Forensic toxicology is to use theory and method of pharmacology (toxicology), pharmaceutical analysis (poison analysis), combine with modern instrument analysis technology, the in vivo unknown virus (Medicine), drugs and metabolites of qualitative and quantitative analysis, and through toxicity and poisoning mechanism, metabolic function analysis, binding to toxic manifestations, autopsy to make a comprehensive drug poisoning identification.

14. Forensic Pathology

Forensic pathology studies the change and law of development involving legal related injuries, disabled, sick and death of, to provide medical evidence for violent cases reconnaissance or trial, and signs of death, cause of death, death, time of death, place of death, personal identification, and injury to infer about violent death and non violent death of solutions using related professional knowledge of medicine.

15. Employment Prospects

Public security departments, as well as social appraisal institutions, insurance companies, etc


2024 Admission is opening !

Anhui Medical University

Wenzhou Medical University

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