Medical Program in China - Infantile Tuina Techniques

 1. Introduction

Infantile Tuina Techniques are established on the basis of the overall concept of medicine and under the theory guidance of the Yin Yang and five elements, organs and meridians theory, using various techniques to stimulate the acupuncture point, so as to make meridians smooth, Qi and blood circulating, to achieve the goal of adjusting the organs function, curing diseases and health care. Acupuncture points of infantile tuina point acupoint, line acupoint, and planar acupoint. On the operation method, briskness and gentleness, smoothness and steadiness are emphasized, more attentions are paid to reinforcing and reducing technique and procedures; have better curative effects on common diseases, frequently occurring diseases, and the curative effect on digestive tract disease is superior.

2. Application Scope

Treatment principles of infantile tuina techniques are the same with internal treatment. Observing pathogenesis to cure disease and seek the root, adjust the Yin and Yang, strengthen the body resistance to eliminate pathogenic factors. Under the guidance of the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, better effects are performed on infantile diarrhea, vomiting, dyspepsia, anorexia, constipation, abdominal pain, rectal prolapse, colds, coughs, asthma, fever, enuresis, moaning, muscular torticollis, stiff neck, convulsion, etc.

3. Commonly Used Medium

Massage medium refers to different lubricants that are coated on the acupuncture point of the skin during massage treatment. Medium can play the role of comprehensive treatment of massage and drug, to achieve the purpose of disease treatment, can also smooth the skin, protect the skin, make the gimmick can be more flexible. Generally speaking, sickness is the superficial, choose medicine, such as onion juice, ginger juice, mint juice; blood stasis, should use drugs of activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis, such as safflower chicken ointment; heat syndrome, choose cold medication as medium, such as mint juice, pig bile, light bamboo leaves extract.

4. Commonly Used Massage Technique

Due to the delicate skin and cowardly manner of children, so in massage treatment, in particular, to pay attention to tactics, to have an emphasis on softness, permeability, requiring lightness and softness, really smoothness. The basic methods of operation: push method, rubbing method, pressing method, rubbing method, pinching method, rubbing method, grasping method, operation method, kneading method, rubbing method, tamping method, twisting method, scraping method, shaking method, shooting method. In addition to the basic techniques, in hundreds of years of clinical practice, doctors have gradually summarized some fixed procedure and operation method of a specific name and the method of operation is so called "double operation method”, often in a way in a point or several points.

5. Operation Sequence and Principle of Reinforcing and Reducing

Operations should be followed in order when massage so as not to miss. First light manipulation, such as pushing, kneading, transporting, etc. then heavy manipulation, such as clutch, pinch, holding; first head and face, then upper limbs, lower limbs, and finally the chest, abdomen, waist and back. The acupuncture points used in pediatric massage can be divided into straight line, rotation and vertical direction according to the manipulation, and the principle of reinforcing and reducing can be determined according to the direction of operation.

1) Straight line direction

2) Direction of rotation

3). Vertical direction

6. Syndrome Differentiation

1) Diarrhea due to improper diet

2) Cold damp diarrhea

3) Damp heat diarrhea

4) Spleen deficiency diarrhea

5) Spleen and kidney deficiency diarrhea

7. Taboo

Infantile tuina therapy has a wide range of treatment, the effect is good, but there are some cases are not suitable for use, as follows:

1). The occurrence of skin burns, empyrosis, abrasions, laceration and with scabies, local massage is not suitable.

2). Some acute infectious diseases, such as cellulitis, osteomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, erysipelas patients should not massage.

3). A variety of malignant tumors, trauma, fracture, bone dislocation and other patients should not use massage.

4) Some acute infectious diseases, such as acute hepatitis, tuberculosis and other patients should not use massage.

5). Severe heart disease, liver disease and mental patients, careful massage.

The pathological features of the disease in children determines the pediatric onset easily, change quickly, improper treatment or not timely affect the prognosis outcome, so massage therapy should be performed by qualified physicians to perform and if necessary, need with the treatment of internal treatment.


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