Medical Degree Program in China - Nuclear Medicine

 1. Introduction

Nuclear Medicine is an emerging discipline that uses nuclear technology to diagnose, treat and study disease. It is a combination of nuclear technology, electronic technology, computer technology, chemistry, physics and biology and other modern science and technology and medicine. Nuclear medicine can be divided into two categories, namely, clinical nuclear medicine and basic nuclear medicine or experimental nuclear medicine.
Nuclear Medicine, also known as atomic medicine, refers to the application in medicine of radio isotope, ray beam produced by the accelerator and the nuclear radiation produced by radioactive isotope. In medical treatment, radioactive isotope and nuclear radiation can be used for diagnosis, treatment and medical scientific research; in pharmacy, radioactive isotope and nuclear radiation can be used for the research on principle of drug action, drug activity determination, drug analysis and drug radiation disinfection.
2. Content
Clinical nuclear medicine is closely linked with clinical disciplines and has mutual penetration with each other. According to organs or systems, nuclear medicine can be divided into cardiovascular nuclear medicine, neurology nuclear medicine, digestive system nuclear medicine, endocrine nuclear medicine, pediatric nuclear medicine and cure nuclear medicine, etc. Due to the development of single photon emission computed tomography and positron emission computed tomography technology, and the innovation and the development of radioactive drugs make the nuclear medicine imaging technology achieve breakthrough. It complements and confirms with each other with CT, MRI and ultrasound technology, greatly improving the diagnosis and research level of diseases. So nuclear medicine imaging is a very active branch and important part in the field of modern clinical imaging diagnostics.
Experimental nuclear medicine uses nuclear technology to explore the nature of life phenomenon and material change rules, which has been widely used in basic medical theory research. Its content mainly includes nuclear decay measurement, labeling, tracing, external beam radiation analysis, activation analysis and autoradiography. Clinical nuclear medicine is a clinical subject for diagnosis and treatment of diseases by using the open type radionuclide, consisting of two parts: diagnosis and treatment. Nuclear medicine diagnosis include diagnosis method in vivo focusing on organ imaging and function determination and diagnostic method in vitro focusing on in vitro radioassay; treatment nuclear medicine uses nuclear ray produced by   radioactive nuclide to carry out highly concentrated irradiation treatment on  pathological changes.

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Anhui Medical University

Wenzhou Medical University

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