Literature Degree Program in China - Chinese Language

1. Introduction

Chinese, that is, the common language of the Han nationality, is one of the world's major languages, but also the world's largest number users of language. Chinese is a Sino Tibetan language; it is the main language of the language system. Besides the Chinese mainland, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province, the Chinese language is also distributed in the Republic of Singapore, Malaysia and other countries. There are about 1.4 billion (30 million as the second language) native speakers of Chinese. Chinese is one of the working languages of the United Nations.

The standard language of Chinese language is based on the northern mandarin and the northeastern mandarin as the assistance for nearly hundreds of years. It is based on the voice of Beijing as the standard tone, but it is not equivalent to the Beijing dialect, is to abandon the Beijing speech is not standardized in the formation of the phenomenon of pronunciation. The standard language of Chinese in the mainland of China is known as the mandarin, the national language in Taiwan, known as Chinese in Singapore and Malaysia. In a broad sense refers to the Han language, narrowly refers to the Mandarin, in addition to call Mandarin, but also called national language, Chinese and Han language.

Chinese as the world's unique hieroglyphic words and language, the text is highly unified and standardized, modern Chinese has a unified and standardized grammar, but the local dialect differences. However, due to the written language specification, there are no written communication barriers caused by differences in local language.

Chinese language training with professional system knowledge and skills of the Chinese language and linguistics, Chinese literature, engaged in Chinese language teaching and research, practical work in the foreign language teaching and management of language and words and language application linguistics senior specialized talents in universities, research institutions and relevant departments of the enterprise. The major focuses on teaching and research in Chinese and foreign language, requiring students to have a strong ability to use words, as well as a wide range of text, history and philosophy of knowledge base.

2. Training Requirements

The students mainly study basic theory and basic knowledge of Chinese language and linguistics, Chinese literature, have basic training for relevant theory thinking and professional skills, master the investigation and study, language teaching the basic ability.

3. Knowledge and Skills

1). Master the basic theories and knowledge of Chinese and linguistics, Chinese literature;

2) Master voice experimental skills, Chinese information processing technology, and Chinese language teaching method; 

3). with the foundation of philosophy and humanities knowledge, and strong writing skills and ability of social investigation;

4). Understand the principles, policies, laws and regulations of the language and the present work of Chinese characters;

5). understand the theoretical front of the study of language and the prospects for the application of Chinese science and technology;

6). Master the basic methods of document retrieval and data query, and have certain scientific research and practical work ability.

4. Main Subjects

Chinese Language and Literature

5. Main Courses

Introduction to linguistics, modern Chinese, ancient Chinese speech, introduction to literature, China literary history, China history of linguistics, calculation of linguistics, Chinese history and exegesis learn, phonology, Chinese dialect investigation, logic, linguistics in Europe and the United States, experimental phonetics, Chinese information processing and so on.

6. Practice Teaching

The main practical teaching: including language survey, teaching practice, thesis writing, etc., the general arrangement is for 10-15 weeks.

7. Similar Programs

Chinese language and literature, Chinese language, foreign language, Chinese language and literature, classical literature, Chinese language and culture, applied linguistics, Chinese Language Education

8. Employment Prospects

Teachers, media practitioners, assistant, secretarial, copywriter and planner, other directions (like government civil service, marketing, customer service

9. Common Chinese Language

1). Daily Chinese Language: greetings, self introduction, shopping, call a taxi, appointments, to seek help, order dishes, barber, visit a doctor, booking a hotel, open bank account, send remittance, receive remittance, rent a house

2). Business Chinese Language: Chinese Test Business, referred to as BCT

3). travel Chinese Language

- at the airport

- lost luggage

- by taxi

- check in

- in the room

- call

- exchange the line

- send a fax

-  hair cut

- laundry service

- complaints

- sports fitness

- go swimming

- ready to leave

- check out

4) Hotel management Chinese Language

5) Medical Chinese Language: basic medical science, clinical medicine, hospital

6). Industrial Chinese Language : Engineering Chinese language

7). Agriculture, forestry Chinese Language

10. HSK

Currently HSK has become an important means of studying China's pass, to apply for a scholarship to study in China the necessary condition and the school teaching assessment, and was more and more national government departments and multinational companies as staff recruitment, raise and promotion the important basis. HSK includes first-level, second-level, third-level, fourth-level, fifth-level and sixth-level HSK.

HSK-Level 1: Test takers who reach HSK-Level 1 can understand and use simple words and sentences to fulfill specific communication needs and have a foundation for the further study of Chinese. 

HSK-Level 2: Test takers who reach HSK-Level 2 can communicate simply and directly on daily topics they are familiar with. Level 2 have reached the advanced stage of beginner level.

HSK-Level 3: Test takes who reach HSK-Level 3 can complete basic communication tasks in daily life, study and work. If travelling in China, Level 3 can handle most communication tasks they encounter.

HSK-Level 4: Test takers who reach HSK-Level 4 can discuss a relatively wide range of topics in Chinese and are able to communcate with native speaker.

HSK-Level 5: Test takers who reach HSK-Level 5 can read Chinese newspapers and magazines, appreciate Chinese films and television, and are able to write and deliver a full speech.

HSK-Level 6: Test takers who reach HSK-Level 6 can easily understand what they read and listen, and express themselves fluently in written and oral Chinese.

Achievement report:

HSK score is the ability of Chinese authority certificate; candidates in the exam ended a month after login Chinese testing service network query results, and in the results announced by the Confucius Institute headquarters / award Hanban HSK score report for examination of the test. 

Chinese Proficiency Test HSKK mainly to test the candidate's Chinese oral expression ability, including HSKK (primary, HSK level 1-2), HSKK (intermediate, HSK level 3 - 4 ) and HSKK (advanced, HSK 5 - 6 )

11. YCT

YCT is to enhance candidates’ self-confidence and honor sense in learning Chinese, follow "the principle of combining sports with education, examination design closely integrated with the current teaching situation of Chinese international students, textbooks," to test and promote teaching to test and promote learning ".  

YCT is an international Chinese language proficiency test, the test of the Chinese language in the primary and secondary school students in the daily life and learning in the ability to use Chinese.

Examination structure

YCT test two parts written and oral ; written and oral test is independent of each other. Written including YCT level one, YCT two, YCT three and YCT four; speaking including primary and secondary level. 


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Anhui Medical University

Wenzhou Medical University

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