Education Degree Program in China - Educational Psychology

1. Introduction

Educational Psychology is the study of human learning, effects of educational intervention, teaching psychology, and social psychology of school organization in the context of education. The focus of educational psychology is to apply the theory of psychology to education. Educational psychology can be applied to design courses, to improve teaching methods, to promote learning motivation and to help students to face the difficulties and challenges in the process of growth. "educational psychology" and "school psychology" the two terms are often used interchangeably, but usually personnel engaged in theoretical work and study tend to be called educational psychologists, while personnel engaged in a school or school related places practice work is classified as school psychologists. Educational psychology is concerned with how students learn and develop, and in practical work, there is a particular focus on students with special educational needs (whether they are gifted children or children with emotional and behavioral problems). Through the relationship with other disciplines, the understanding of educational psychology also has some help. First, educational psychology is based on psychology. Then, from educational psychology, we can develop many special fields of research and education, including teaching design, educational technology, curriculum development, organizational learning, special education and classroom management.

2. Research Objects

Educational psychology is a discipline that studies the basic psychology law of learning and teaching in teaching situation. It mainly studies the psychology process of interaction of teaching and learning between teachers and students in teaching situation and psychological phenomenon of the teaching and learning process.

3. Subject Nature

Educational psychology is a crossing discipline with distinct characteristics. The cross characteristic mainly displays in: the intersection of psychological science and educational science; intersection of basic science and applied science; natural science and the humanities cross. The focus of educational psychology is to apply the theory of psychology to education. Educational psychology can be applied to design courses, improve teaching methods, stimulate learning motivation and help students to face the difficulties and challenges encountered in the process of growing up.

4. Research Content

The specific research scope of educational psychology is focused on the interaction between learning and teaching. Learning and teaching interaction process is a systematic process. The system consists of students, teachers, teaching content, teaching media and teaching environment and the five elements; by learning process, teaching process and evaluation/reflection of the three activities interweave together.

5. Research Tasks

Educational psychology is a cross subject. Therefore, educational psychology has a dual task; it not only has the nature of the task of education, but also the nature of the task of psychology. First of all, the study and reveal the nature, characteristics and types of the education system, as well as the types of learning and the process and conditions of learning, so as to make the psychological discipline in the field of education to develop in depth. Secondly, studying how to use the students' learning and its rules, to design education, reform the educational system, optimize the educational system, in order to improve the educational efficiency and accelerate the cultivation of talents.

6. Research Significance

1) Educational psychology helps to improve the level of teachers

2) Educational psychology is conducive to improving the quality of education and teaching

3) Educational psychology is helpful to carry on the education teaching reform

7. Research Trends

1) Study the learner's initiative.

2) Study learner's initiative.

3. Study the internal process and mechanism of learning.

4) Research on the impact of social environment.

5). Study on the influence of situational environment.

6). Study the influence of cultural background.

7). Research learning environment design and effective teaching mode.

8). Research the use of information technology.

8. Research Methods

Quantitative method

Qualitative method

9. Essential Characteristics

1). Characteristics of Teachers

2). Characteristics of students.

3). Teaching methods.

10. Roles

Educational psychology plays the roles of description, interpretation, prediction and control on educational practice. In practical application, these effects often intertwine together, including the following four aspects: to help teachers to accurately understand the problem; to provide scientific theoretical guidance for the actual teaching; help teachers prediction and intervention students; help teachers with teaching practice research.

Theoretical Significance

Exploring human psychology is one of the important subjects in twenty-first Century. Educational psychology studies psychological law from the angle of education, which will supply and extend psychological theory. As people wake up to the importance of education, it is recognized that there are still many laws to be perfected in education. The study of educational psychology will be helpful to the improvement of these rules.

Practical Significance

1) Help teachers to understand the problem accurately;

2) Provide scientific theoretical guidance for the practical teaching;

3) Help teachers predict and intervene students;

4) Help teachers with the research combining the actual teaching.


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Anhui Medical University

Wenzhou Medical University

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