# Education Degree Program in China - Educational Statistics

1. Introduction

Educational Statistics is an applied discipline using the theory and method of mathematical statistics to study educational problems. Its main task is to study how to collect, collate and analyze digital data obtained by means of educational investigations and experiments, and use it as the basis for scientific inference, so as to reveal the inherent objective law in education phenomenon. But from the research contents, educational investigations and experimental subject is put forward, to define the content, determination of the scope of, a hypothesis, conclusions drawn and analysis, the research task of education is not statistically, because these problems depends on the contents of the relevant professional knowledge of education to solve.

2. Classification

1) Descriptive statistics, the task is to study the reduced data and describe these data. If a large amount of data collected is classified and expressed in a tabular or graphic form. Through typical numerical data obtained to calculate the "concentration quantity", "difference quantity" and "correlation coefficient", describing the typicality, fluctuation range and mutual relationship of things related, reveal the inherent laws.

2) Inference statistics, which is, using the data to carry out statistical tests, statistical analysis and non-parametric statistical methods to make decisions, that is with a certain degree of confidence, according to some data to infer a more general situation, so that the conclusion can be applied to a wider range or in combination with the known data to predict the characteristics of education.

3. Research Objects

Education issues, it is in the dialectical unity of quality and quantity, focusing on the perspective of quantity to study educational phenomenon, so as to achieve understanding of the attributes and rules.