Philosophy Degree Program in China - Logic

1. Introduction

Logic is the study of the law of thinking. The development of logic is through three stages: the concrete logic - abstract logic - symmetric logic of concrete logic and abstract logic integrating with each other.

All the thinking has two aspects: content and form. Thinking content refers to the objects and attributes reflected in the thinking, thinking form is used to reflect the object and its attributes in different ways, that is, the different ways of expressing the content of thinking. From the point of view of logic, the three basic forms of abstract thinking are concepts, propositions and reasoning.

Logic has broad and narrow senses. The narrow sense of logic refers to the science of the study of reasoning, that is, only the research on how to deduce the conclusion from the premise of the scientific. The generalized logic refers to the science that studies the thinking form, thinking pattern and the logic method of thinking. The scope of the study of generalized logic is relatively large, it is a kind of traditional understanding, and it has a great relationship with philosophy. The system of the whole logic discipline is very large and complex, such as: traditional, modern and dialectical, deductive, inductive and analogous, classical and non classical, and so on. However, it is also a complex, such as: the construction of the method of judgment; the inevitable reasoning; identification of logical truth or law, etc.

Three origins: The formal logic of ancient Greece, China pre-Qin argument logic, the logic of ancient India.

Logic students mainly study the basic theory and basic knowledge of logic, mathematics, computer science and philosophy; receive basic training in axiomatic method, formal method and semantic analysis, with the ability of professional research.

2. Research Object of Logic

1) Logic is the science on reasoning and argumentation, and its main task is to provide the standard of identifying effective reasoning, argumentation and invalid reasoning and argumentation, and to teach people the right of reasoning and argumentation, identification, expose and refute false reasoning and argumentation.

2) Logic is the study on reasoning or argument. It mainly studies the validity or correctness of reasoning. The validity or correctness of reasoning is the validity or correctness of the form of reasoning. Therefore, the main research object of logic is the form of reasoning and its law.

3) Logic of the main task is the systematic study of the form and the rules of correct reasoning, in order to determine the formal reasoning is correct and provide method to determine or inspection procedures, effective reasoning provides inference rules and inference method. Legal logic is a branch of logic and law, and it is a subject that takes legal reasoning as the main research object. It mainly studies the laws, rules and methods of legal reasoning. It is a subject that is still at the stage of creation and is developing rapidly. 

3. Nature of Logic

(1) Basic

(2) Instrumental

(3) All human

4. Basic Functions of Logics

1). Cognitive tools: help people to understand things correctly, to explore new results, to obtain new knowledge.

2). Expression tools, It is helpful for people to express ideas and establish new theories accurately, closely and clearly.

3). Persuasion tools: help people to make more rigorous, more convincing reasoning and argumentation.

4). Analytical tools: to help people to expose the fallacy refutes sophistry. Help to correct thinking, in order to distinguish right from wrong.

5. Study meaning of Logic

1) Learning logic helps to improve people's logical thinking ability.

2) Learning logic helps people to gain new knowledge.

3) Learning logic helps people to express ideas correctly.

4) Learning logic helps people to improve their work efficiency.

6. Characteristics of Logic Research Methods

1) The form and content of the proposition and reasoning

2) The validity of reasoning is only related to the form

7. Theoretical Significance of Logic

1) From the perspective of everyday thinking, logic is the upper limit and lower limit of daily thinking.

2) Logic provides the building blocks of scientific theory.

3) Logic provides methods and tools for scientific testing.

8. Setting Background

Logic program trains senior specialized talents of the logic with systematic knowledge of logic, certain mathematical literacy and computer theory and operational ability, can in logic in colleges and universities, scientific research institutions, state organs, enterprises and institutions management department of teaching, scientific research and application, and engaged in computer science and linguistics research and application related work.

9. Training Requirements

Logic students mainly study the basic theory and basic knowledge of logic, mathematics, computer science and philosophy, receive basic training in the axiomatic method, formal and semantic analysis methods, systematically master the basic theory and method of logic professional basic knowledge, professional knowledge and philosophy, to understand the contemporary world main logic and philosophy, to have basic knowledge of social science, natural science and thinking science, have strong theoretical thinking ability, social ability, expression ability and professional research basic ability.

10. Knowledge and Skills

1) Master the basic theory and basic knowledge of logic;

2) With the basic literacy of mathematics, computer science and philosophy;

3) Master the basic method of the study of logic;

4) Understand the frontiers of modern logic and developing trends;

5) Master the basic methods and means of document retrieval and data query;

6) With the initial teaching, scientific research and practical work ability.

11. Main Courses

Mathematical analysis, higher algebra, abstract algebra, probability and statistics, introduction to logic, mathematical logic, set theory, modal logic, inductive logic, application logic, history of logic, philosophy of logic, China logic history, western history of logic, modern logic and the history of ideas, design of programming language, operating system etc.

12. Practice Teaching

Teaching internship, thesis writing, etc., generally arranged for about 6 weeks.

13. Similar Majors

Philosophy, religion, ethics, mathematics, computer related science

14. Employment Prospects

1) Education/training

2) Counseling/consultant

3) Academic/scientific research

4) Editor/copywriter/writer

5) Law


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