Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Nanjing City, China - Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Located City


1. General Introduction of Nanjing

Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province with the total area of 6,598 square kilometers, including 4,728 square kilometers as urban area, and its total population is 8.2161 million (2014). Nanjing is a city full of vigor and opportunities. Nanjing, called Ning for short, is located in the Yangtze River Delta. With history of over 6,000 years, Nanjing has become a famous historical and cultural city since it was established 2,500 years ago.

Nanjing, an ancient capital of China, capital in ten dynasties in history, known as one of the four major ancient capitals in China together with Beijing, Xi’an and Luoyang, enjoys a worldwide reputation for its history and culture. Archaeological findings show that human ancestors lived in Nanjing area around 300,000 years ago, and primitive villages took shape 6,000 years ago. These inhabitants were the original local people. From then on, people lived and multiplied in this area generation after generation.

Now Nanjing is a window for you to get a glimpse of real China. Touring, Studying and living here, you may find it changing and growing every day, you may find it a city with Chinese tradition as the background and full of many modern qualities, and you may feel the hospitality of the people here.

2. Long History

Time and again throughout the long history of China, the southern city of the country, Nanjing, has held the position not only as the political capital but also as the cultural center. Often overshadowed by the tragic events of the previous 100 years, the beauty and wonder of Nanjing is reflected in the sparkling Qinhuai River as it flows through this great city. Beginning over 2,500 years ago and with the ebb and flow of dynastic shifts, reaching an apex in the Ming Dynasty, the city has carved its history into the banks of the Qinhuai River.

The early history of Nanjing as a seat of great importance dates back to the Warring States Period, around 400 BC. Large collections of tribal families and warriors sought, gained and lost governing seats time and time again through a relatively short period, Nanjing would often be chosen as the capital for its geographical position and rich resources. As the city sits at the point where the smaller Qinhuai River meets the mighty Yangtze River, maintaining a station of power was paramount for those who wanted to maintain their rule over the land.

3. Economy

Nanjing is one of the highly-developed cities in China. The average annual disposable income of Nanjing urban residents is about CNY 36,300 (2012). Nanjing is one of the important industrial bases in East China with strong industrial economic strength, accounting for about 1% of the country total in terms of gross industrial capability. Many foreign multi-national corporations have regarded Nanjing as a good place to establish their foreign branches.

4. Education

Nanjing has been the educational centre in southern China for more than 1700 years and higher education center throughout the country. Currently, it boasts of some of the most prominent educational institutions in the region.

By the end of 2011, citywide there had 551 kindergartens with 167,639 pupils; 344 primary schools with pupils of 300.7 thousands; 160 junior middle schools 160 (including nine-year schools) with students of 145,803; 60 ordinary senior high schools (including complete secondary schools and senior high schools) with 91,900students; 61 secondary vocational schools with 138,275 of vocational students and the five-year advanced vocational school students starting from junior highs; 53 ordinary colleges/universities (excluding Military Academies) , with 808,498 students ( including postgraduate students) .

The city's education system is focused on the "First Base of the Economy - Education" to implement the spirit of the city’s education interpreted in Education Conferences and the Mid- and Long-term Education Plans. The City Board of Education has broken down "the Tasks in Implementation of the Guidelines of Nanjing Mid- and Long-Term Education Reform and Development Plan (2010-2020), and has developed the "Nanjing Twelfth-Five Year Educational Development Plan".

5. Geographic Location and Climate

Nanjing is situated in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, at 32°03’N and 118°47’E. It borders with the Yangtze River Delta to the east and the hilly areas of Southern Anhui to the west, adjacent to the water network of Taihu Lake in the south and the Jianghuai Plain in the north. With the "golden waterway" Yangtze River flowing through the city, it is 380 km from the Yangtze River’s estuary to the sea, and about 300 km to Shanghai, the largest city of China.

Nanjing is in the monsoon climate area of north subtropical zone, with clearly-divided four seasons. Its annual average temperature is 16°C and the annual average precipitation 1,034 mm.

6. Convenient Life and Transportation

Nanjing is a city where you can live conveniently and happily. Supermarkets, including Wal-Mart, Carrefour and local Suguo, which spread all around the city, can provide you with all the necessities of your life. Emporiums, located in the downtown area, will make you close to the world-famous brands, including Chanel, Gucci and Dupont, just as you are in any modern city of the world. Various restaurants, as some of which serve traditional Chinese food of all flavors, some serve foreign food, including western food, Indian food and Thai food, may cater for you from different countries and regions. If you’d like to spend your evening in pubs, you may find ones near large hotels. Adjacent to the Presidential Palace, there is a pub zone called 912 with traditional Chinese buildings, where you can enjoy yourself to your heart’s content.

Transportation like by bus, train and plane can take you to nearly every city of China. A short trip by air may take you to other big cities of China, such as Beijing and Guangzhou. It only takes you about 1.5 hours from Nanjing to Shanghai or Hangzhou by train. Nanjingers Public transportation: Within the city you may choose to travel by bus, taxi, subway or bicycle.

7. Relaxed Life

Life in Nanjing is much slower and more relaxed than in Beijing or Shanghai. It is common to see senior citizens playing chess in the sun or enjoying a radio show next to a busy thoroughfare. Parks are found all around the city. Most are free and well-maintained. Locals love strolling and picnicking in the green at leisure. Nanjingers are chatty and friendly. Pedestrians are willing and helpful in giving directions, though most don’t speak English. English is better understood in high-end hotels and restaurants or international hostels.

Population: 8.2 million

Temperature: average 16 °C (60.8 °F)

8. Tourism Attractions

Loated North Shore of Wende Bridge of the Qinhuai River and also known as the Fuzi Temple, the Wen Temple or the Wenxuan Temple, originally, it referred only to a temple that worships the scholar of the earliest ancient Chinese Confucius, Kong Zi. Qinhuai River

Running through the hinterland Nanjing, known as the "mother river", and a tributary of the Yangtze River, the Qinhuai River is divided into 2 rivers at the point of Eastern Shuiguan: one is the city guardian, running around the city and called the Outer Qinhuai; and the other is running through the heartland of the city from the east to west, called the Inner Qinhuai. The total length of the Inner River is 5 km, known as "Ten Li Qinhuai River" in Chinese, and is the essence of the Qinhuai Scenic Belt. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum is situated at the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin (Purple Mountain) in Nanjing, China. Construction of the tomb started in January 1926 and was finished in spring of 1929. The architect was Lu Yanzhi, who died shortly after it was finished. It is classified as a AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration.