Fishing Science is the applied science that studies the adaptability of fishing tools, fishing methods, fishing place formation and the change laws according to the species, living habits, quantity, distribution, migration, and the natural environment characteristics in the waters of fishing objects. It is one of the branches of fishery science, which provides the basis for sustainable development and utilization of fishery resources and the development of fishery industry.
Fishing science is one of the branches of fisheries science, which provides the basis for sustainable development and utilization of fishery resources and the development of fishery industry.
3. Main Research Scopes
1) Study on the fishing gear materials and technology;
2) Basic theory research on fishing gear, fishing method;
3) The design and research of fishing gear, fishing method;
4) Study on fishery resources, fishing ground, fishing period and environment conditions;
5) Research on the allocation of fishing vessels, fishing equipment and instruments.
Classification according to the working area
1) Inland water (river, lake, reservoir) large water surface fishing;
2) Fishing along the coast (waters);
3) Fishing in coastal (waters);
4) Fishing off the coast (water);
5) Ocean, deep-sea fishing;
Classification according to the research content
1) Fishing method study: research the behavior of fishing object, fishing methods;
2) Fishing gear study: research fishing tool design, material performance, assembly process;
3) Fishing ground study: research the formation mechanism and change of fishing place.
Classification according to the use of fishing gear, fishing method
Gillnet fishing, purse seining fishing, trawl fishing, sweep net fishing, set net, dip net fishing, lift net fishing, cover net fishing, veil mats fishing, inserting net fishing, networking fishing, foil yanase fishing, longline fishing, fishing cage fishing, light induced fishing and so on.
Classification according to the number of fishing vessels, fishing object, operation characteristics
Single ship pollock trawl fishing, double bottom trawling fishing, single ship midwater trawling, tuna purse seine fishing, tuna longline fishing, light induced squid fishing and so on.