Horticulture, that is garden husbandry, refers to the cultivation, breeding technology and production and management methods of fruit trees, vegetables and ornamental plant, which can be divided into fruit trees horticulture, vegetable horticulture and ornamental horticulture. Horticulture is a part of the growing industry in agriculture. Horticultural production is of great significance to enrich human nutrition and beautify the environment of human life. In horticulture, horticulture usually refers to the intensive cultivation of crops and their cultivation, breeding, processing and utilization technology.
2. Crop Species
Horticultural crops generally refer to the crops with relatively high economic value intensively cultivated in a smaller scale.
Horticultural crops usually include fruit trees, vegetables, ornamental plants, spices and medicinal plants, mainly divided into three categories: fruit trees, vegetables and ornamental plants.
Garden is the discipline that trains garden designers and landscape architect's work is using plants to create a pleasant green space and create the beautiful environment of view, three quarters of flowering four. Landscape architecture needs to learn the theoretical knowledge of architectural design and landscape design, but also have a solid foundation of plants. While gardening refers to the horticultural crops, vegetables, fruit trees and ornamental plants are horticultural crops; horticulture program cultivates gardeners.
4. Horticulture Science
Horticulture is the discipline that studies germplasm resources, rule of growth and development, reproduction, cultivation, breeding, storage, processing and insect pests of horticultural crops and landscaping.
The category of horticultural science is generally divided into fruit gardening, vegetable horticulture, ornamental horticulture and gardening. Fruit horticulture is a scientific research on the variety, growth habit, cultivation management and product processing of fruit trees;
Vegetable horticulture is a scientific research on the variety, growth habit, cultivation management and product processing of vegetables;
Ornamental horticulture is a scientific research on the variety, growth habit, cultivation management and application of flowers and ornamental trees;
Gardening is also called the landscape planning and design, is the design and research of landscape planning, construction and maintenance management science.
5. Training Objectives
The program trains senior scientific and technical personnel with the basic theory, basic knowledge and basic skills of biology and horticulture, can be engaged in performing horticultural science related technology and design, promotion and development, operation and management, teaching and scientific research, etc. in the areas of agriculture, commerce, landscape management and departments.
6. Training Requirements
The students mainly study basic theory and basic knowledge of biology and horticulture, horticultural plants of scientific research, production and management of basic training, have the basic ability of horticultural plant production, technology development and promotion, gardening business management.
7. Program Characteristics
Solve significant demand for horticulture industry sustainable development, emphasize on the cultivation of students' basic skills, pay attention to the application of biotechnology and information technology in horticulture breeding of new varieties and products quality and safety production, strengthen the horticulture industry tourism and ecological function, linking theory with practice, and comprehensively improve the students practice innovation ability and management ability.
8. Main Courses
Botany, biochemistry, plant physiology, plant physiology and biochemistry, applied probability and statistics, genetics, soil science, agricultural ecology, horticulture, plant breeding, horticulture plant cultivation, horticultural plant diseases and pest control, storage of horticultural products processing, agricultural gas like, pathogenic microorganisms and plant science, plant pathology sciences, entomology, plant biotechnology introduction, molecular biology introduction, computer application in agriculture, horticultural crop breeding, cultivation of horticultural crops, horticulture, horticultural products, horticultural products production and marketing, etc.
9. Elective Courses
Fruit tree cultivation, flower cultivation, vegetable cultivation, post harvest treatment
10. Major Practical Teaching
Teaching practice, production practice, curriculum design, graduation thesis (graduation design), research and training, production and labor, social practice, the general arrangement is not less than 30 weeks.
11. Knowledge and Ability
1) Have a solid theoretical knowledge of mathematics, physics, and chemistry and so on;
2) Master the basic theories and knowledge of biology and horticulture;
3) Master garden planning and design, crop cultivation, germplasm conservation, variety selection and breeding, pest control, horticultural products, such as commodity processing and other aspects of the skills;
4) Familiar with agricultural production, rural work and related policies, policies and regulations related to the production of horticultural plants;
5) With the awareness and basic knowledge of agricultural sustainable development, to understand the scientific frontier and development trends of horticultural production and science and technology;
6) Master the basic methods of scientific literature search and data query, and have certain scientific research and practical work ability.
12. Employment Prospects
Graduates can be engaged in the government administrative departments, gardening, and garden enterprises, universities, scientific research departments for ornamental horticulture related administrative management, technology promotion, design and technology development, operation and management, teaching and scientific research work.
13. Garden Forms
1) Raising flowers
2) Flower arrangement
3) Bonsai production
14. Gardening Knowledge
The cultivation medium: soil, peat soil, perlite, vermiculite, sawdust, sphagna, sand, and others
Watering: according to different plant watering, drought tolerant plants, dry and wet alternate type plants, semi humid plants, all wet type, immersion type plants, aquatic plants
Fertilization: elements required by plants