Arts Degree Program in China - Urban Design

1. Introduction

Urban Design refers to the design work that takes the city as the research object, which is a kind of design between urban planning, landscape architecture and architectural design. With respect to the urban planning of abstraction and data, urban design is more specific and graphical; however, because after the middle period of the 20th century, the practice of urban design is mostly for landscape design and architectural design to provide guidance and reference architecture and with the specific landscape design or architectural design differ.

Urban design is a subject which is concerned with the layout of urban planning, urban appearance and function, and is especially concerned with the public space of the city.

2. Subject Areas

Urban design has more and more complex relationship in addition to with the category of urban planning, landscape architecture, architecture, and has increasingly complex relationship gradually with the department of urban engineering, urban economics, the theory of social organization, urban social, environmental psychology, anthropology, political economics, urban history, municipal learn, public management knowledge and Practice category has close relationship, which is a complex and comprehensive interdisciplinary field.

3. Design Objectives

The goal of the modern urban design is to create a comfortable, convenient, sanitary and beautiful material space environment for people. Urban design is a certain geographical space of all the elements, under the premise of the realization of unified target of integrated design, enables the city to achieve various facilities for mutual cooperation and coordination, spatial form of unified, perfect, comprehensive benefits of optimization. There are two specific ways: one is under the unified leadership of the overall design of multi professional; the other is based on a unified design program, respectively, professional design, and then integrated. In this way, it is required to engage in the design of the city's various engineering personnel, are consciously in accordance with the overall intention of urban design to carry out their own engineering design.

4. Design Elements

Macro level: natural environment, artificial environment, urban environment

Meso level: natural environment, artificial environment

Micro level: natural environment, artificial environment

5. Design Guidelines 

(1) Specific major urban design issues guidelines: urban fringe areas and rural areas massing and density: fringe area, township rural areas

(2) Functional diversification 

(3) Design

(4) The height and shape of the building

(5) Traffic and people

(6) Landscape facilities and recreational land supply  

(7) Public space: streets and open spaces  

(8) Street, pedestrian, pedestrian road width and pavement, land use, street rich taste and the proportion design, landscaped (garden planting and landscape architecture, device of the street, flyover and the road tunnel, footbridge and pedestrian tunnel, reduce speed 

(9) Cultural heritage

(10) Viewing Gallery

(11) Implementation

6. Design Principles

Urban Design: site layout, ventilation corridors / air ducts, street layout orientation, pattern and the greening and distribution of a wide area, high profile, open space and pedestrian area

Site level, platform construction, the arrangement of buildings, building ventilation, building height and appearance, landscape beautification facilities, overhanging obstacles, cold material


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Anhui Medical University

Wenzhou Medical University

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