Zhengzhou University

Zhengzhou City, China - Zhengzhou University Located City

1. Brief Introduction

Zhengzhou lies in the central part of China and on the southern bank of the Yellow River. It is the capital of the most populous province Henan, and one of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China. With 9 million inhabitants, it is the second largest city in central China. Due to its strategic location in one of the most populous areas in the world (nearly 100 million people in Henan alone) and as the hub of China's railway, road and aviation transport networks, Zhengzhou is increasingly attracting domestic and international investment as well as migrants from other areas, transforming the city into one of the largest economic centers in China.

2. Long History, Splendid Culture and Historical Places of Interest

As an ancient Chinese capital and a traditional trading center, Zhengzhou maintains abundant cultural heritages that reflect its glorious history as well as the culture of ancient China. The city has a history of more than 4,000 years. There are many historical places in Henan Province which are not far from Zhengzhou, such as, Luoyang, once has been the capital of 9 dynasties; Kaifeng, has been the capital of 7 dynasties in history; Longmen Grottoes, which has thousands of statues of Budda for a thousand years. The best known tourist attraction is the Shaolin Temple, which is not only known as an important Buddhist shrines, but also as the center of Chinese Kung-fu.

3. Economy

Zhengzhou, along with Xi'an, Chengdu, Chongqing and Wuhan, is one of the most important cities in inland China. It is the second largest city in central China, after Wuhan. It is the economic center of the province and the surrounding areas such as southeastern Shanxi and southwestern Shandong.


Zhengzhou has a total population of over 9 million, of which 2.88 million lived in rural areas. Its main products include apples, paulownia, tobacco, maize, cotton, and wheat. In addition, Zhengzhou also produces Yellow River carp, Zhengzhou watermelons, Xinzheng jujube, Xingyang dried persimmons, Guangwu Pomegranate and Zhongmu garlic, all of which are specialties that are rarely found outside the region.

Mining and Manufacturing

Zhengzhou and the surrounding area have large reserves of coal and other minerals. Coal mining and electricity generation are traditionally important in the local economy. Zhengzhou has been one of the major industrial cities in The People's Republic of China since 1949. The city's staple industry is textiles. Others manufactured items include tractors, locomotives, cigarettes, fertilizer, processed meats, agricultural machinery, and electrical equipment. Some high-tech companies in new material, electronics and biotechnology are also growing rapidly during the recently years, especially in the high-tech industrial park in the northwest of the city.

4. Education

Colleges and Universities (Public):

Zhengzhou University

Henan Agricultural University

Henan University of Technology (formerly Zhengzhou Institute of Technology)

Henan University of Finance and Economics

Zhongyuan Institute of Technology

Zhengzhou University of Light Industry

Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management

North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power

Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Henan Textile University

Henan Normal University

5. Transportation

Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport is 37 km (23 mi) southeast of the city centre. The airport is the headquarters for Henan Airlines and also a focus city of China Southern Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines. Zhengzhou, where the Longhai Railway (Lianyungang, Jiangsu–Lanzhou, Gansu) meets the Beijing–Guangzhou Railway, is a major national railway hub. It is located on the Shijiazhuang–Wuhan High-Speed Railway and Xuzhou–Lanzhou High-Speed Railway and is easy to reach by high-speed train from Beijing (2.5 hours) Hong Kong (7 hours) and Xi'an (2 hours) and by normal train from Shanghai (6–14 hours).

In the new national high-speed railway network under construction, Zhengzhou to Shanghai will be completed in late 2016. The high-speed railway network provides fast train service from the city to Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Xi'an and Wuhan at a speed of 350 km/h (220 mph). The new high-speed railway station (the Zhengzhou Dong Station), is the largest in Asia. Proposed high-speed railway connections between Zhengzhou and Chongqing, Jinan, Hefei, and Taiyuan are under discussion.

The surrounding area of Zhengzhou, along with the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and the Bohai Economic Rim, has the highest highway density nationwide. Zhengzhou is the center of Henan highway network that provides roughly one hour road trip to the surrounding cities of Kaifeng, Xinxiang, Xuchang, Jiaozuo and Luoyang. Other major cities within the province can be reached in 3 hours. National highway network also links Zhengzhou to all major cities in the country.

6. Climate

Zhengzhou experiences a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate, with cold, dry winters and hot, humid summers. Spring and autumn are dry and somewhat abbreviated transition periods. The city has an annual average temperature of 14.4 °C (57.9 °F), with monthly daily mean temperatures ranging from 0.1 °C (32.2 °F) in January to 27.0 °C (80.6 °F) in July. Diversified weather brings rich and beautiful landscapes and the abundance of wildlife.

Population: 9 million

Temperature: average 14.4 °C (57.9 °F)